Florence Gracia Santoso

Florence Gracia Santoso

Florence G. Santoso earned her Bachelor of Laws in 2010 from Airlangga University in Surabaya, graduating second in her class. Florence received scholarships from New York University Dean's Graduate Award and the Indonesian Endowment Fund for Education to study law at New York University, where she earned her Master of Laws (LL.M.) in corporate law in 2017.

Since joining SSEK in 2010, Florence has been involved in numerous major mining transactions. Her recent experience includes advising on several smelter projects being handled by SSEK, representing a global commodities trading company in its bid to become a strategic investor in the IPO of PT Toba Sejahtera, and working with an Indonesian conglomerate to perform extensive due diligence for potential investments in manganese mining companies.

Florence has advised the Adani Group of India on coal mining projects in South Sumatra and Kalimantan, including advice on coal trading and transportation, mining services and infrastructure, and a Hong Kong private equity company in negotiating the acquisition of coal mining companies in West Papua.


Florence's other mining experience includes representing an Australian publicly listed company in acquiring a stake in a gold mining company in Maluku and subsequently selling its interest to a notable Indonesian partner, and representing a South Korean private equity company in acquiring manganese mining companies in East Nusa Tenggara.


As part of her mining practice, Florence has dealt extensively with forestry, spatial layout and environmental issues. She is also experienced in energy, infrastructure, investment and mergers and acquisitions, and has been involved in a number of acquisitions involving industrial and trading companies.


Florence is a member of the Indonesian Advocates Association (Peradi) and a certified lawyer in New York.


Florence's Recent Publications

Re-Evaluation of Clean and Clear Status for Mining Licenses in Indonesia

Regulation Curbs Power of Local Authorities in Mining Sector

Government Changes Divestment Requirements for Mining Companies in Indonesia