There have been several Indonesian employment law developments since the beginning of the year. While these are not particularly big changes, it is important for businesses in Indonesia to stay on top of the latest employment rules.
National Holidays and Collective Leave in 2017
The Minister of Religious Affairs, Minister of Manpower and Minister of State Apparatus Empowerment and Bureaucratic Reform have issued a joint decision on National Holidays and Collective Leave in 2017. The Joint Decree stipulates 14 public holidays in 2017, as follows:
- New Year's Day - January 1
- Chinese New Year - January 28
- Hindu Day of Silence - March 28
- Good Friday - April 14
- Ascension Day of Prophet Muhammad - April 24
- International Labor Day - May 1
- Buddhist Waisak Day - May 11
- Ascension Day of Jesus Christ - May 25
- Idul Fitri - June 25 and 26
- Independence Day - August 17
- Idul Adha - September 1
- Islamic New Year - September 21
- Birth of Prophet Muhammad - December 1
- Christmas Day - December 25
Separately, President Joko Widodo recently issued Presidential Decree No. 24 of 2016 to create a new national holiday, Pancasila Day, which will be marked on June 1 beginning in 2017.
The observation of holidays that fall on weekends is not moved to the nearest workday. However, the government may declare certain bridge holidays (referred to as collective leave) to extend holidays that fall on the weekend. There are two collective leave holidays in 2017:
- Idul Fitri - June 23, 27 and 28
- Christmas - December 26
Collective leave days are mandatory for civil servants. For civil servants, those forced leave days are deducted from the civil servants' available annual leave entitlements and are not treated as national holidays. Collective leave is not mandatory in the private sector. Some private sector companies encourage employees to voluntarily take collective leave days but cannot force employees to do so.
Religious Holiday Allowance
Minister of Manpower Regulation No. 6 of 2016 regarding Religious Holiday Allowance (THR) for Employees (MOM No. 6) requires all employers to provide THR to employees with at least one month of service, regardless of whether the worker is employed on a permanent or temporary basis. Previously, the obligation to provide THR only applied to workers with more than three months of service.
THR must be paid once a year, within a maximum of seven days of a given religious holiday, as follows:
- Idul Fitri for Muslim employees
- Christmas Day for Christian employees
- Hindu Day of Silence for Hindu employees
- Buddhist Waisak Day for Buddhist employees
- Chinese New Year for Confucian employees
THR is equal to a minimum of one month's salary (basic salary plus any fixed cash monthly allowances) for workers with a minimum 12 months of service. Employees with more than one month but less than 12 months of service will receive THR on a pro rata basis.
Employers who do not meet their THR payment obligations in due time are subject to a fine amounting to 5% of the total THR amount payable, as well as administrative sanctions in accordance with the applicable employment laws and regulations.
Hiring People with Disabilities
The Government has issued a new law on persons with disabilities, Law No. 8 of 2016, which replaces a 1997 law. The new law provides protections and a guarantee of non-discrimination in the workplace for people with disabilities. Each private sector employer is required to ensure that at least 1% of its workforce is comprised of disabled persons. Law No. 8 also requires employers to accommodate and provide facilities to enable access by employees with disabilities. Employers who fail to provide such requirements face written warnings, cessation of operations, and suspension or revocation of their business license.
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