Microfinance Institutions ("MFIs") play an important role in Indonesia, dispensing financial support to people and small businesses that might not have qualified in the traditional banking system. Until recently MFIs largely operated without a comprehensive regulatory framework to guide their operations, and with little supervision. After a long wait the Government has issued a framework for MFIs, as provided by Law No. 1 of 2012 regarding Microfinance Institutions.
Indonesia's central bank, Bank Indonesia (BI), has issued a regulation designed to improve the competitiveness of the banking system by streamlining bank ownership through consolidation and enhancing supervision, particularly in the area of good corporate governance.
Bank Indonesia has issued a regulation to improve the competitiveness of local banks in providing trust services, basically the management of assets. In particular, the new regulation is addressed to oil and gas companies operating in Indonesia, which keep much of their foreign exchange proceeds outside of the country, utilizing trust services provided by foreign banks.
Foreign and foreign-owned enterprises represent some of the largest employers in Indonesia. Accordingly, some foreign companies expressed consternation when, on February 29, 2012, the country's Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration issued Decree No. 40 of 2012 on Certain Positions that Are Restricted for Foreign Workers, which, among other things, lists 19 positions that cannot be held by non-Indonesian nationals, all related to the field of human resources.
In an unexpected development with profound implications, the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia on November 13, 2012, announced a decision disbanding BP MIGAS, the upstream regulator of the petroleum industry in Indonesia.
The Indonesian Constitutional Court issued decisions in two cases on June 4, 2012, that could help change the playing field in the mining industry, giving smaller companies the chance to compete with big miners.
The Indonesian Ministry of Trade issued a new regulation on September 21, 2012, amending some of the provisions on the Importer Identification Number (API). The new regulation amends MOT Regulation No. 27/M-DAG/PER/5/2012 regarding Provisions on Importer Identification Number (MOT Reg 27).